Transferring FSMO Roles in Windows Server 2008

The five FSMO roles

are:

  1. Schema Master

  2. Domain Naming Master

  3. Infrastructure Master

  4. Relative ID (RID)

    Master

  5. PDC Emulator

The FSMO roles are going to be

transferred, using the following three MMC snap-ins :

  • Active Directory Schema

    snap-in  : Will be used to transfer

    the Schema Master role

  • Active Directory Domains

    and Trusts snap-in : Will be used to

    transfer the Domain Naming Master role

  • Active Directory Users

    and Computers snap-in : Will be used to

    transfer the RID Master, PDC Emulator, and

    Infrastructure Master roles

Note: The following steps

are done on the Windows Server 2008 machine that I

intend to set as the roles holder ( transfer the roles to it )

Lets start transferring the FSMO roles.

  • Using

    Active Directory Schema snap-in to transfer

    the Schema Master role

    You have

    to register schmmgmt.dll in order

    to be able to use the Active Directory Schema

    snap-in

  1. Click Start >

    Run

  2. Type regsvr32

    schmmgmt.dll

  3. Click OK

    A popup message will confirm that

    schmmgmt.dll was successfully registered. Click

    OK

  4. Click Start >

    Run, type mmc, then click OK

  5. Click File >

    then click Add/Remove Snap-in…

  6. From the left side, under

    Available Snap-ins, click on

    Active Directory Schema, then click

    Add > and then click OK

  7. Right click Active

    Directory Schema, then click Change

    Active Directory Domain Controller…

  8. From the listed Domain

    Controllers, click on the domain controller that you

    want to be the schema master role holder and then

    click on OK

    You will receive a message box stating that the

    schema snap-in is not connected to a schema

    operations master. That is for sure, as we have not

    yet set this Windows Server 2008 domain controller

    as a Schema Master role holder. This will be

    done in the next step. Click OK

  9. In the console tree, right

    click Active Directory Schema [DomainController.DomainName],

    and then click Operations Master…

  10. On the Change Schema

    Master page, the current schema master role

    holder will be displayed ( ex. ELMAJ-DC.ELMAJDAL.NET) and

    the targeted schema holder as well

    (ex. ELMAJ-DC2K8.ELMAJDAL.NET). Once you click

    Change, the schema master holder will

    become

    ELMAJ-DC2K8.ELMAJDAL.NET , click

    Change

    Click Yes to confirm the role

    transfer

    The role will be transferred and a confirmation

    message will be displayed. Click OK

    Then click Close, as you can see in

    the below snapshot, the current schema master is

    ELMAJ-DC2K8.ELMAJDAL.NET

  • Using Active Directory Domains

    and Trusts snap-in to

    transfer the Domain Naming Master Role

  1. Click Start >

    Administrative Tools > then click

    Active Directory Domains and Trusts

  2. Right click Active

    Directory Domains and Trusts, then click

    Change Active Directory Domain Controller…

  3. From the listed Domain

    Controllers, click on the domain controller that you

    want to be the Domain Naming master role holder and then

    click on OK

  4. Right click Active

    Directory Domains and Trusts, then click

    Operations Master…

  5. On the Operations Master page,

    we are going to change the Domain Naming role holder

    from ELMAJ-DC.ELMAJDAL.NET to

    ELMAJ-DC2K8.ELMAJDAL.NET, Click

    Change

    Click YES to confirm the transfer

    of the Domain Naming role

    The role will be transferred and a confirmation

    message will be displayed. Click OK

    , then click Close

Till now, we have successfully

transferred two FSMO roles, the Schema Master role and the

Domain Naming role. The last three roles can be transferred

using a single Snap-in.

 

  • Using Active Directory Users

    and Computers snap-in to

    transfer the RID Master, PDC Emulator, and

    Infrastructure Master Roles

  1. Click Start >

    Administrative Tools > then click Active

    Directory Users and Computers

  2. Right click Active Directory

    Users and Computers, then click All Tasks

    > Operations Master…

  3. You will have three Tabs, representing

    three FSMO roles (RID,

    PDC, Infrastructure). Click the Change

    button under each of these three tabs to transfer

    the roles.

    Click Yes to confirm the role

    transfer

    The role will be transferred and a confirmation

    message will be displayed. Click OK

    As for the Infrastructure role, once you

    click on the Change button you will receive

    the below message

    By default, when you first install your first Domain

    Controller, it holds the five roles and beside that it is a

    Global Catalog. If your environment is a

    multi-domain/forest, then you should think about structuring

    your FSMO roles and transfer the Infrastructure role to a

    none Global Catalog domain controller. Else if you have small number of domain

    controllers ( ex. two domain controllers) then you should

    not worry about this. Click Yes

  4. The Tabs should now look like this:

 

That’s it, by now, you have successfully

transferred the five FSMO roles to the Windows Server 2008

Domain Controller.

 

Summary

There are five FSMO roles in a forest, to transfer

any of these roles you have to use the appropriate Active

Directory snap-in. In my next article, I will be showing you

the complete steps required to successfully migrate/upgrade

your domain controller to a new hardware server.

Notes

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